Genomics - powering transformation in healthcare


  • Genomic medicine has gained a leading role within clinical medicine over the last decade, making deep inroads into oncology (cancer), cardiology, neurology, and other medical science fields. By offering new diagnostic, prognostic and therapeutic options, it has played an instrumental role in the study of different infectious and rare diseases.

  • Notable attempts have been made in India over the last 10 years to improve genomics applications, such as the development of a malaria vaccine by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (ICGB) (ICG

  • More recently, a genomic study has established a polygenic risk score based on ancestral genetic traits in Indians for coronary artery disease with the goal of minimising overall risk through the targeted use of preventive drugs or improvements in population-specific lifestyles.

  • Therefore, genomics has emerged as a key field of science that has the potential to change the healthcare environment, considering the implications.

Bringing studies on genomics to medical practice

  • Since 2013, over US$4 billion has been invested in national genomic medicine programmes by the governments of at least 14 countries to translate genomic discoveries and observations from centres of excellence to mainstream medical practice.

  • Integration of both genomic knowledge and genomic processes into existing clinical workflows will help ensure that physicians are able to grasp and communicate the actionable recommendations that a genomic test can provide to patients.

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