The model of health information technology (HIT) requires the use of technology to optimize treatment. In tandem with other types of care coordination program, such as Accountable Care Organizations, HIT can be used to promote care coordination by:
- Facilitating the relationship between patients, coordinators of treatment and providers of healthcare
- Improving cooperation between healthcare providers, outside the constraints of a single organization
- Giving patients available, actionable, timely information to suppliers
- Providing assistance for clinical decisions
- Helping suppliers make appointments, recall instructions, check discharge plans and medical records, handle their medicines, and provide wellness coaching
- Facilitating changes of patient care from hospital to home
- Engaging in their healthcare for patients
HIT requires a range of instruments and technologies, including the following:
Electronic Health Records (EHR): An electronic version of the medical history of an individual patient that contains clinical information such as demographics, medicines, conditions, vital signs, immunizations, laboratory data and reports on radiology.
Patient registries and chronic disease management systems (CDMS): Promote population-level analysis and reporting to classify groups who are eligible for programs and services, including nursing homes, to manage the health of individual populations.
Telehealth: The use of technology to provide clinical healthcare, health education, public health programs and health administration for long-distance purposes. Remote patient monitoring can also be used in Telehealth.
Exchange of health information (HIE): Enables the exchange of electronic data between organizations and can enable coordination of treatment, referrals, and transfers of care. HIEs can also encourage the exchange of knowledge among providers of clinical and social services.
Prescription assistance programs: Applications that can be used by chronically sick, low-income patients to streamline the process of discovering low-cost or no-cost medications.
Electronic resource directories: a tool that can include information about rural clinics that welcome new patients and doctors who for example, have discounted fee schedules.
Patient portals: Provide patients from any place with an internet connection with free, 24-hour access to their health records.